Source Code : TANNER
This paper presents a robust energy/area-efficient receiver fabricated in a 28-nm CMOS process. The receiver consists of eight data lanes plus one forwarded-clock lane supporting the hyper transport standard for high-density chip-to-chip links. The proposed all-digital clock and data recovery (ADCDR) circuit, which is well suited for today’s CMOS process scaling, enables the receiver to achieve low power and area consumption. The ADCDR can enter into open loop after lock-in to save power and avoid clock dithering phenomenon. Moreover, to compensate the open loop, a phase tracking procedure is proposed to enable the ADCDR to track the phase drift due to the voltage and temperature variations. Furthermore, the all-digital delay-locked loop circuit integrated in the ADCDR can generate accurate multiphase clocks with the proposed calibrated locking algorithm in the presence of process variations. The precise multiphase clocks are essential for the half-rate sampling and Alexander-type phase detecting. Measurement results show that the receiver can operate at a data rate of 6.4 Gbits/s with a bit error rate. The proposed architecture of this paper area and power consumption analysis using tanner tool.
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