A Fast and Low-Complexity Operator for the Computation of the Arctangent of a Complex Number
The computation of the arctangent of a complex number, i.e., the atan2 function, is frequently needed in hardware systems that could profit from an optimized operator. In this brief, we present a novel method to compute the atan2 function and a hardware architecture for its implementation. The method is based on a first stage that performs a coarse approximation of the atan2 function and a second stage that improves the output accuracy by means of a lookup table. We present results for fixed-point implementations in a field-programmable gate array device, all of them guaranteeing last-bit accuracy, which provide an advantage in latency, speed, and use of resources, when compared with well-established fixed-point options.