In-memory computing using emerging technologies such as resistive random-access memory (ReRAM) addresses the ‘von Neumann bottleneck’ and strengthens the present research impetus to overcome the memory wall. While many methods have been recently proposed to implement Boolean logic in memory, the latency of arithmetic circuits (adders and consequently multipliers) implemented as a sequence of such Boolean operations increases greatly with bit-width. Existing in-memory multipliers require O(n2) cycles which is inefficient both in terms of latency and energy. In this work, we tackle this exorbitant latency by adopting Wallace Tree multiplier architecture and optimizing the addition operation in each phase of the Wallace Tree. Majority logic primitive was used for addition since it is better than NAND/NOR/IMPLY primitives. Furthermore, high degree of gate-level parallelism is employed at the array level by executing multiple majority gates in the columns of the array. In this manner, an in-memory multiplier of O(n.log(n)) latency is achieved which outperforms all reported in-memory multipliers. Furthermore, the proposed multiplier can be implemented in a regular transistor-accessed memory array without any major modifications to its peripheral circuitry and is also energy-efficient.
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A Novel In-Memory Wallace Tree Multiplier Architecture Using Majority Logic