Static random access memory (SRAM)-based ternary content-addressable memory (TCAM) on field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is used for packet classification in software-defined networking (SDN) and OpenFlow applications. SRAMs implementing TCAM contents constitute the major part of a TCAM design on FPGAs, which are vulnerable to soft errors. The protection of SRAM-based TCAMs against soft errors is challenging without compromising critical path delay and maintaining a high search performance. This brief presents a lowcost and low-response-time technique for the protection of SRAM-based TCAMs. This technique uses simple, single-bit parity for fault detection which has a minimal critical path overhead. This technique exploits the binary-encoded TCAM table maintained in SRAM-based TCAMs for update purposes to implement a low-response-time error-correction mechanism at low cost. The error-correction process is carried out in the background, allowing lookup operations to be performed simultaneously, thus maintaining a high search performance. The proposed technique provides protection against soft errors with a response time of 293 ns, whereas maintaining a search rate of 222 million searches per second on a 1024 × 40 size TCAM on Artix-7 FPGA.
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ER-TCAM: A Soft-Error-Resilient SRAM-Based Ternary Content-Addressable Memory for FPGAs