Feedback-Based Low-Power Soft-Error-Tolerant Design for Dual-Modular Redundancy
Triple-modular redundancy (TMR), which consists of three identical modules and a voting circuit, is a common architecture for soft-error tolerance. However, the original TMR suffers from two major drawbacks: the large area overhead and the vulnerability of the voter. In order to overcome these drawbacks, we propose a new complementary dual-modular redundancy (CDMR) scheme for mitigating the effect of soft errors. Inspired by the Markov random field (MRF) theory, a two-stage voting system is implemented in CDMR, including a first stage optimal MRF structure and a second-stage high-performance merging unit. The CDMR scheme can reduce the voting circuit area by 20% while saving the area of one redundant module, achieving at least 26% error-rate reduction at an ultralow supply voltage of 0.25 V with 8.33% faster timing compared to previous voter designs.