Three-operand binary adder is the basic functional unit to perform the modular arithmetic in various cryptography and pseudorandom bit generator (PRBG) algorithms. Carry-save adder (CS3A) is the widely used technique to perform the three-operand addition. However, the ripple-carry stage in the CS3A leads to a high propagation delay of O(n) . Moreover, a parallel prefix two-operand adder such as Han-Carlson (HCA) can also be used for three-operand addition that significantly reduces the critical path delay at the cost of additional hardware. Hence, a new high-speed and area-efficient adder architecture is proposed using pre-compute bitwise addition followed by carry-prefix computation logic to perform the three-operand binary addition that consumes substantially less area, low power and drastically reduces the adder delay to O(log2n) . The proposed architecture is implemented on the FPGA device for functional validation and also synthesized with the commercially available 32nm CMOS technology library. The post-synthesis results of the proposed adder reported 3.12, 5.31 and 9.28 times faster than the CS3A for 32-, 64- and 128- bit architecture respectively. Moreover, it has a lesser area, lower power dissipation and smaller delay than the HC3A adder. Also, the proposed adder achieves the lowest ADP and PDP than the existing three-operand adder techniques.
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High-Speed Area-Efficient VLSI Architecture of Three-Operand Binary Adder