Linear-feedback shift register (LFSR) counters have been shown to be well suited to applications requiring large arrays of counters and can improve the area and performance compared with conventional binary counters. However, significant logic is required to decode the count order into binary, causing system-on-chip designs to be unfeasible. This paper presents a counter design based on multiple LFSR stages that retains the advantages of a single-stage LFSR but only requires decoding logic that scales logarithmically with the number of stages rather than exponentially with the number of bits as required by other methods. A four-stage four-bit LFSR proof of concept was fabricated in 130-nm CMOS and was characterized in a time-to-digital converter application at 800 MHz.
Less Number of array counters with multistage implementation.