In this paper, we present a new fast Fourier transform (FFT) hardware architecture called constant multiplier (CM) FFT. Whereas rotators in previous architectures must rotate among several different angles, the CM FFT exploits the use of constant multipliers to calculate the rotations. The paper explores the 4-parallel and 8-parallel radix-2 CM FFT, which calculates the FFT entirely by using constant multipliers. Later, radices 2 k are presented, with emphasis in radix-2 4 and radix-2 5 as the best alternatives. Experimental results for a 1024-point radix-2 5 CM FFT show that the proposed approach reduces the number of block random-access memories (BRAM) and digital signal processing (DSP) slices with respect to previous approaches, while achieving the highest clock frequency for a 4-parallel FFT architecture on field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) reported so far.
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