Proposed Title :
FPGA Implementation of 128-Bit Two Speed Radix-4 Serial Parallel Booth Multiplier using SQRT Carry Select Adder
Improvement of this Project:
To Design a Two Speed Radix-4 Serial Parallel Booth Multiplier using SQRT Carry select Adder at 4-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit, 32-bit, 64-bit and 128-bit. Finally compared this all the parameters in terms of area, delay and power.
- Xilinx 14.2
MULTIPLICATION is arguably the most important primitive for digital signal processing (DSP) and machine learning (ML) applications, dictating the area, delay, and overall performance of parallel implementations. The work on the optimization of multiplication circuits has been extensive, however, the modified Booth algorithm at higher radixes in combination with Wallace or Dadda tree has generally been accepted as the highest performing implementation for general problems. In digital circuits, multiplication is generally performed in one of three ways: 1) parallel–parallel; 2) serial–parallel (SP); and 3) serial–serial. Using the modified Booth algorithm, we explore an SP two-speed multiplier (TSM) that conditionally adds the nonzero encoded parts of the multiplication and skips over the zero encoded sections.
In DSP and ML implementations, reduced precision representations are often used to improve the performance of a design, striving for the smallest possible bit width to achieve a desired computational accuracy. Precision is usually fixed at design time, and hence, any changes in the requirements necessitate that further modification involves redesign of the implementation. In cases where a smaller bit width would be sufficient, the design runs at a lower efficiency since unnecessary computation is undertaken. To mitigate this, mixed-precision algorithms attempt to use a lower bit width some portion of time, and a large bit width when necessary. These are normally implemented with two data paths operating at different precisions.
This paper introduces a dynamic control structure to remove parts of the computation completely during runtime. This is done using a modified serial Booth multiplier, which skips over encoded all-zero or all-one computations, independent of location. The multiplier takes all bits of both operands in parallel and is designed to be a primitive block which is easily incorporated into existing DSPs, CPUs, and GPUs. For certain input sets, the multiplier achieves considerable improvements in computational performance. A key element of the multiplier is that sparsity within the input set and the internal binary representation both lead to performance improvements. The multiplier was tested using field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology, accounting for four different process–voltage– temperature (PVT) corners. The main contributions of this paper are as follows.
1) The first serial modified Booth multiplier where the datapath is divided into two subcircuits, each operating with a different critical path.
2) Demonstrations of how this multiplier takes advantage of particular bit-patterns to perform less work; this results in reduced latency, increased throughput, and superior area–time performance than conventional multipliers.
3) A model for estimating the performance of the multiplier and evaluation of the utility of the proposed multiplier via an FPGA implementation.
- More logic Size and power consumption
- Number of critical path will take more
- More number iterations
In a recent all digital signal processing and machine learning applications will have priority one is multiplication its most important to dictate the area, delay, power and improve overall performance with parallel implementations. In this case these number of multiplication will have number of arithmetic additions and subtractions it will take more logic sizes with critical paths and more power consumptions. Due to resolve this problem here, this proposed work will present optimization of radix-4 multiplication circuits has been extensive using modified booth algorithm with SQRT carry select adder to improve overall performance and reduce logic sizes with critical paths compared to Wallace tree and DADDA Multiplier. Finally this work will present in Verilog HDL, and synthesize in Xilinx FPGA and proved comparisons terms of area, delay and power.
- Less logic Size and power consumption
- Less critical path
- Less number iterations
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A Two-Speed, Radix-4, Serial–Parallel Multiplier (Booth Multiplier )
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